The tall Secretariat Building overlooking New York’s East River is the centerpiece of the United Nations complex and a symbol of the quest for peace between nations. The smooth glass facade is also a landmark example of the International Style, a mid-twentieth century movement toward simple, geometric design. The architects included Le Corbusier, Oscar Niemeyer, and Wallace Harrison.
The United Nations officially came into being October 24, 1945. The Secretariat building was completed in 1952 and renovated in 2012.
Learn about the International Style >> Modernism – Picture Dictionary of Modern Architecture
Mies van der Rohe: On first glance, you might find his buildings sterile. Look more closely, and you may discover elegant beauty in their minimalist design.
Famous for saying less is more, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe set the standard for 20th century architecture, designing some of the most significant modernist buildings in North America and Europe.
Discover the architecture of Mies van der Rohe >>
During a career that spans more than fifty years, British architect Richard Rogers has helped shape the modern era. Rogers is known for his fascination for technology, designing transparent, machine-like buildings that are both beautiful and highly efficient.
His landmark works include Lloyd’s of London, the Millennium Dome, Madrid Barajas Airport Terminal 4, National Assembly for Wales, and, in Paris, the famous Centre Pompidou designed with Renzo Piano.
Buildings and Projects by Richard Rogers Partnership >>
Biography of Richard Rogers >>
Born on July 8, 1906, Philip Johnson became famous for his glass-walled house and for surprising designs like this New York City landmark, often called the Lipstick Building.
Explore the life and works of Philip Johnson >>
(Photo credit: Wikimedia)
What’s known as the Chicago School is not a school at all, but a small group of architects who creatively and competitively solved problems of building and design. This new multi-page article looks at Chicago architecture that changed the face of modern commercial buildings.
Learn about Chicago School Skyscrapters >>