If ever an architect could capture the spirit of a nation, it’s the Pritzker Prize-winning Eduardo Souto de Moura of Portugal.
Australia is famous for breathtaking architecture like the Sydney Opera House, but travel beyond the urban centers and you’ll find the kinder, gentler design of Glenn Murcutt. The Pulitzer-Prize-winning architect is fond of quoting the Aboriginal proverb: “Touch the earth lightly.”
Shown above: The Magney House, Bingie Point, New South Wales, Australia. Photo by Anthony Browell from ‘The Architecture of Glenn Murcutt’ and ‘Thinking Drawing / Working Drawing’ published by TOTO, Japan, 2008, courtesy of the Architecture Foundation Australia
During a career that spans more than fifty years, British architect Richard Rogers has helped shape the modern era.
Curving, organic shapes are the hallmark of Finnish-American architect Eero Saarinen. You may know him for grand, swooping structures like the Gateway Arch in St. Louis, Missouri, or the Dulles International Airport near Washington D.C.
However, Saarinen also designed on a smaller scale. He began his career designing furniture with Charles Eames. By the 1960s, Saarinen’s Tulip Chair became a classic interior design motif.
Photo CC Daniel Schwen, Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0
Mies van der Rohe: On first glance, you might find his buildings sterile. Look more closely, and you may discover elegant beauty in their minimalist design.
Buckminster Fuller’s 1949 geodesic dome design influenced a generation of visionaries.Efficient and economical, “Bucky’s” dome was widely hailed as a possible solution to world housing shortages. Fuller reached an international audience when he designed the U.S. Pavilion’s Biosphere at the 1967 World’s Fair in Montreal, Canada.
Michael Graves changed the world in ways that often go unnoticed. Although famous for his postmodernist buildings and for the houseware products he designed for Target and JC Penney, his most important legacy may be his work on accessible housing. Graves was born July 9, 1934, and died March 12, 2015.
(Photo: Steigenberger Hotel in Egypt. Architects: Michael Graves & Associates and Ahmed Hamdy. Photo credit: Wikimedia)
Born on July 8, 1906, Philip Johnson became famous for his glass-walled house and for surprising designs like this New York City landmark, often called the Lipstick Building.
(Photo credit: Wikimedia)